White House


The White House is the famous building where the current President of the United States resides with his family.

Since its completion in 1800, it has been the official residence of every United States President. It is located in Washington, D.C., along the Pennsylvania Avenue.

Over the course of its history, the structure has been expanded, reconstructed and restored a number of times. Today, the iconic building is recognized around the world and is closely identified with the United States President.

Design and Planning

During the 1790s, George Washington served as the 1st President of the United States. He temporarily occupied two mansions in Philadelphia while plans were afoot to make Washington D.C. the new capital of the country.

A residence for the President was included in the construction plans of the new capital. To this end, a design competition for the architecture of the building was held.

In all, the competition received nine proposals. Thomas Jefferson also submitted a proposal anonymously. Ultimately, none of the entrants were finalized. Instead, George Washington was inspired by the work of an Irish architect James Hoban. He then called upon Hoban to design the White House.

White House - Washington DC View From South

White House – Washington DC View From South


The architecture of the White House is influenced by several classic and modern styles. The Roman style of architecture can be seen reflected in the White House façade.

At the same time, the architecture also reflects influences of Georgian-era Irish architecture and the late 19th-century French countryside architecture. In general, the building has an overarching neoclassical architecture with elements of Palladian style.

The White House building comprises of three floors. It has two distinct facades – the northern front and the southern front.

The northern façade has the popularly recognized columned portico with a triangular central adornment. On the southern façade, the structure features a more casual semi-circular portico.

Aerial view of the White House in Washington DC

Aerial view of the White House in Washington DC


Construction on the White House began in 1792 with James Hoban as the chief architect. It was completed in 1800 and John Adams became the first President to take up residence in the building the same year.

During the War of 1812, when the British troops marched on Washington D.C., they set ablaze the White House among other structures. Following this incident, the entire structure had to be reconstructed.

Reconstruction and Restoration

By the late 19th century, the White House felt overcrowded. Several extensions and renovations were undertaken.

Then in the 20th century, further expansion of the structure took place under President Theodore Roosevelt. The new additions were all done in the neoclassical style by the architectural firm McKim, Mead & White.


President Theodore Roosevelt


Another significant addition to the White House was that of the Oval office which was added during the term of President William Howard Taft. A second fire damaged a portion of the White House in 1929 but the damaged portion was restored quickly.


President William Howard Taft

By the mid-20th century, the White House was in a very poor shape. It was declared a risk with the possibility of collapse at any time. So an extensive renovation work was undertaken which cost more than $55 million in today’s money.

The renovation made White House a more modern residence but it removed the classical interior décor of the building.

It was only in the 1960s that Jacqueline Kennedy, wife of President John F. Kennedy, carried out an extensive restoration of the White House interior.

She had the interior of each section done in a different classical or neoclassical style, bringing back paintings, furniture and other antique items.

White House Earliest Photograph the White House 1846

White House Earliest Photograph the White House 1846

White House Executive Residence

The Executive Residence is the central portion of the White House structure, flanked on each side by the East Wing and the West Wing. This is the area of the White House where the President resides along with his family. The Executive Residence spans over four floors, namely the Ground Floor, the State Floor, the Second Floor and the Third Floor.

Located in the Residence section are several offices, a number of iconic rooms such as the Blue Room, Red Room and Green Room, the White House Master Bedroom as well as kitchens, dressing room and several other spaces.

The Cross Hall

The Cross Hall is a hallway in the White House that connects the East Room and the State Dining Room. It is an iconic portion of the White House and reflects a stunning style of interior décor. Although some features of the hall date back to the 19th century, most of its present architecture was designed during the 1950s Truman reconstruction.

Learn More about the Cross Hall at Wikipedia

White House floor 1 Cross Hall

White House floor 1 Cross Hall

The Oval Office

The Oval Office is one of the most recognized sections of the White House. It is located in the West Wing of the building and serves as the office of the President of the United States. The office gets its name from the fact that it has an oval shape. The fairly sizable interior of the office provides ample space for the President to carry out daily tasks and have regular meetings.

Typically, every American president chooses to have the office decorated as per his own preferences, which is why Oval Office frequently features a change in the interior décor. Behind the main office desk of the President, the room features three large windows. It also has four doors, each opening to a different section of the building.

Learn More about The Oval Office

Oval Office 1981 White House

Oval Office 1981 White House

The Red Room

The White House is home to three state parlors. One of them is the Red Room. This room is part of the private residence of the President. The stunning interior of the Red Room features an interior décor which emphasizes deeply on the red color.

The décor uses elements of gold in creating a beautiful contrast with the red in the furniture, painting frames, curtains, tapestries and other aspects of the room. The room is typically used as a music room or for small dinner parties by the President and his family.

Learn More about the Red Room at Wikipedia



The Blue Room

Another state parlor located within the White House, one of the three, is the Blue Room. This room has an oval shape and was originally named for its emphasis on blue interior décor. In more recent years, however, the interior of the room has significantly changed. It still remains an iconic section of the White House.

Learn More about The White House at Wikipedia

1,000 Facts About the White House Hardcover – September 26, 2017

The White House Complex Location View North Potomac River Jefferson Memorial Washington Monument to the south

The White House Complex Location View North Potomac River Jefferson Memorial Washington Monument to the south