American architecture began with the colonization of North America. It is inspired by a diverse range of architecture from around the world. Towards the end of the colonial era, the architectural designs changed to be more precisely modeled on Roman or Greek buildings.
A house designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1935, it is a sight to behold. Built over a waterfall located in the Laurel Highlands of the Allegheny Mountains, the house was originally estimated to cost a whopping $155,000.
The house was especially designed for Liliane Kaufmann and her husband, Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr., the owners of Kaufmann’s Department Store. It, along with several other architectural marvels designed by Wright, was inscribed on the World Heritage List. It is also listed on the Smithsonian’s ‘Life List of 28 places to visit before you die’.
The White House is the iconic structure that serves as the American President’s residence. Located at Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington DC, it has been the official residence of every President of the USA since the time of John Adams in 1800. The term ‘White House’ is used as a figure of speech for the President and his advisors.
It was designed by Irish architect James Hoban. Hoban modeled the building around Leinster House in Dublin. The White House was open to the public in general until the early part of the 20th century. It was later made accessible to the public in other, less intrusive, ways. The White House Visitors Office is responsible for public tours of the White House and other events.
A national museum, it was built in honor of the 16th President of the United States of America, Abraham Lincoln. Located on the western end of the National Mall, the Lincoln Memorial was designed by architect Henry Bacon.
The building is designed in the form of the Greek Doric temple. It contains a large sculpture of a seat Abraham Lincoln, alongside inscriptions of two of his most well-known speeches. It is one of the main tourist attractions in Washington DC.
More commonly known as the Capitol Building, or simply as the Capitol, it is the home of the United States Congress. Located on Capitol Hill, it is the seat of the legislative branch of the US. Federal government. At the time of its construction, it was at the center of the Federal District.
It was subsequently expanded after completion in 1800. The additional construction included an added dome along with expanded chambers for the House of Representatives in the north wing and the Senate in the south wing. The Capitol Building forms the original point of the District’s street numbering system and the District’s four quadrants.
Yet another magnificent building designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright, the Solomon R. Guggenheim is an art museum located at Fifth Avenue. Commonly referred to as simply the ‘Guggenheim Museum’, it is the home of continually expanding Impressionist, Post-Impressionist, early Modern and contemporary art collections.
The Museum was established by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, which is a leading non-profit organization for the collection preservation, and research of modern and contemporary art. The Foundation runs various museums around the world. Established in 1939, the Museum adopted its current name after the death of the founder of the Foundation.
The Johnson House is a historic museum in Connecticut. More commonly referred to as ‘The Glass House’, it was designed by Phillip Johnson as his own residence in 1948. The famous building is an example of minimal structure and proportion, with the added effects of transparency and reflection. It showcases the early use of industrial materials such as glass and steel in the construction of residential buildings.
Located in the area of Back Bay, the Trinity Church in Boston is a parish of the Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts. Founded in 1733, the structure is designed like a modified Greek cross. Four arms extend outwards from the central tower, which stands at a stunning 211 feet tall.
The Church is the only church in the USA, and the only building in the city of Boston, to be included in the American Institute of Architects – (AIA) list of ‘Ten Most Significant Buildings in the United States’.
The Headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, the Pentagon is the world’s largest office building. With about 6,500,000 square feet of space, the Pentagon was designed by architect George Bergstrom.
The central five-acre plaza is nicknamed ‘ground zero’ on the presumption that it would be a prime target in a nuclear war. The Pentagon is listed on ‘The National Register of Historic Places’ and is considered a ‘National Historic Landmark’.
An Art Museum in Wisconsin, its collection contains nearly 25000 works of art. It is one of the largest museums in the United States of America. Formerly known as the Milwaukee Art Center, it was formed when the Milwaukee Art Institute and Layton Art Gallery merged their art collections in 1957.
Over the years the building went through several additions and upgrades. In 2015, the Museum opened a $34 million expansion funded jointly by a museum capital campaign and the Milwaukee County. The massive collection of artworks is housed on four floors, with works ranging from antique pieces to present modern times.
The Smithsonian Institution, more commonly known simply as the Smithsonian, is a group of museums and research centers administered by the government of the United States of America. Founded in August 1846, the purpose of the institution was to ‘increase and diffuse knowledge’.
The world’s largest museum and research complex, the Smithsonian consists of 19 museums, nine research centers, and a zoo. It also historical and architectural landmarks, which are mostly located in the District of Columbia. It is nicknamed ‘the nation’s attic’ for its comprehensive collection of 154 million items.
The Smithsonian also has several publications, including the ‘Smithsonian Magazine’ and ‘Air and Space Magazine’. It is dedicated to preserving the heritage of the United States of America, while at the same time discovering new knowledge and sharing resources with the world.
Its 30 million annual visitors are admitted without charge.