Native America

Who were the Native Americans?

Native Americans were the people who had been living in America for thousands of years before Christopher Columbus arrived . Columbus discovered America in the 15th century and this let the Europeans know that such a place existed towards the West of Europe.

The Native Americans were the Indigenous people of America and they had no contact with other places outside of the American continent. So the native American tribes had a unique culture of their own, their own art, style of building houses, dressing, foods and lifestyle.

In other words, they were significantly different from the Europeans who began to arrive in America from 15th century onwards.

Famous Native Americans

Famous Native American People Pocahontas, Sitting Bull and Geronimo.    Read more about the Famous Native Americans >>

Native American Art

Native Americans weaved their art into the everyday items they created Read more about the Native American Art >>

Native American Clothing

Native American culture and clothing varied from one tribe to another, and reflected climate and lifestyle Read more about the Native American Clothing >>

Native American Definition

Native Americans refer to the people who have been living in North America for thousands of years Read more about the Native American Definition >>

Native American Facts

Native Americans were the Original people that lived in America before the Europeans Read more about the Native American Facts >>

Native American Gods

Native American Gods Apistotoke, Ioskeha, Tirawa-Atius, Shakura Read more about the Native American Gods >>

Native American History

Native American History before and after the arrival of the Europeans Read more about the Native American History >>

Native American Houses

The type of house a Native American tribe lived in depended the tribes location and its lifestyle. Read more about the Native American Houses >>

Native American Life

Native American tribes performed various rituals that carried spiritual significance in their daily lifes Read more about the Native American Life >>

Native American Names

Native American Names Ameyali, Antiman, Antinanco, Ahiga Read more about the Native American Names >>

Native American People

The Native American People were the indigenous Indians of the United States of America Read more about the Native American People >>

Native American Symbols

symbols served as identification, carried spiritual meaning and also symbolized the culture of a tribe Read more about the Native American Symbols >>

Native American Timeline

Native American People and Tribes Timeline dates and events Read more about the Native American Timeline >>

Native American Tribes

Native American Tribes Nez Perce, Pawnee, Lakota, Cherokee, Apache Read more about the Native American Tribes >>

Native American Warriors

Native American Warriors Geronimo, Chief Joseph, Tecumseh, Crazy Horse, Sitting Bull Read more about the Native American Warriors >>

Native American Wars

Notable Wars fought by Native Americans include the Red Cloud and Nez Perce Wars. Read more about the Native American Wars >>

Symbol for Strength

Symbols have always played a critical role in the Native Indian culture such as the 'Symbol of Strength' Read more about the Symbol for Strength >>

Totem Poles

Totem poles are monuments of religious, spiritual and social significance for the Native American Indians Read more about the Totem Poles >>

Who were the Native American people?

Native Americans were the indigenous people of American before the Europeans arrived Read more about the Who were the Native American people? >>

Why were they called Red Indians?

Native Americans do not like the terms 'Red Indians' or 'Redskins'. They consider it derogatory Read more about the Why were they called Red Indians? >>

Wigwams

Wigwams are a specific type of dwellings used by the Native American tribes used as temporary shelters Read more about the Wigwams >>


How did the Native American Tribes live?

Native Americans built their homes very creatively. They simply brought together the construction materials that were available to them and then constructed their houses in such a way that they were safe from harsh winters and summers, and also safe from attackers.

So the Native Americans in Great Lakes region, for example, built cone-shaped houses called wigwams using wood and other materials from the forest.

Native Americans in the southwest of America built their houses inside cliffs which made their houses very safe.

Those in the Southern Plains built grass houses which were cone-shaped and were sometimes up to 4 story tall.

Living as Native American Tribes

So the Native Americans lived as tribes. Each tribes had its own geographical area in which it lived, grew crops, built houses, hunted and performed other activities.

So many such tribes lived in different parts of America. Some of these tribes included the Apache, the Cherokee, the Dakota, the Omaha Indians, the Powhatan, the Wichita and the Yavapai.

But there were a large number of these tribes in total. Today, America officially recognised 566 Native American tribes.

When the Europeans started arriving on the eastern coastline of North America, some of these tribes helped them while others considered them enemies.

Relationships with the arriving Europeans

Europeans discovered America in the 15th century and then started arriving on the continent to establish colonies.

At first, the Native Americans helped them with foods and often traded different things with them.

But then the populations of the colonies began to grow and colonies started to take over more and more land.

The Native Americans felt that these newcomers were taking over their land and this often brought them into conflict with the Europeans.

As a result, many wars were fought between European colonies and the Native Americans.

What was the Native Americans food?

Native Americans lived in a natural environment and so, they gathered most of their food directly from nature.

The Native American tribes were of two types – those who moved around often and those who had permanently settled at one place.

Those tribes who moved around usually found their food through hunting and fishing.

They hunted buffaloes, caribou, rabbits and other animals. The tribes who had settled down in one place also hunted but they mostly grew their food through agriculture.

The main crops grown by these tribes included corn, squash and beans. Of these, corn was the most important crop for most Native American tribes.