Top 10 American Memorials

Memorials are structures built in honor of the past, to remind people of special events or figures in a civilization’s history.

Below is a list of the top ten memorials in the United States of America:

1. Muir Woods National Monument

Managed by the National Park Service, it is located on Mount Tamalpais. It was named after naturalist John Muir. He was a Scottish-American naturalist, environmental philosopher and author. The monument is a part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. It protects 554 acres of land. Out of vast landscape, 240 acres contains old growth coast redwood forests. It is one of just a handful that still remains standing in San Francisco Bay today.

2. Thomas Jefferson Memorial

The Thomas Jefferson Memorial is a presidential memorial dedicated to the founder of the Democratic Party and one of the Founding Fathers of the USA, Thomas Jefferson. It is located in Washington DC. The architecture of this famed memorial is Neo-Classical.

It was designed by the architect John Russell Pope and built by the Philadelphia-based contractor John McShain. It was completed in 1943. Constructed of white Imperial Danby marble from Vermont, the Memorial has circular marble steps, a portico and a shallow dome. The Jefferson Memorial was ranked fourth on the List of America’s Favorite Architecture in 2007.

3. Wright Brothers National Memorial

The Wright brothers were American aviation pioneers generally credited with inventing, building and flying the world’s very first airplane as long ago as 1903. The Wright Brothers National Memorial is located in North Carolina.

The Visitor Center houses a museum, featuring real models that were developed and used by the Wright brothers. It also includes the machines and tools used by the duo during their flight experiments. A departure from the other, more traditional buildings in National Park, the Visitor’s Center was part of their modernization program. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1975.

4. National World War 1 Memorial

It was built to commemorate the sacrifices of the members of the United States Armed Forces during World War 1. The Commission, which was given the authority to build the memorial, was established in 2015. Pershing Park, where the Memorial was built, has been in existence since 1981. It was the site of several 19th-century structures, until the local government officially demolished them in 1930. It was designed by architect Paul Friedberg.

In 2015, the Commission launched a design competition for the Memorial. The competition, which was estimated to cost up to $25 million, was aimed at finding the perfect new design for the Memorial. It drew criticism from several sources, however, culminating in Friedberg threatening legal action. On November 9th, 2017, the Commission held an official groundbreaking event at Pershing Park.

5. Fort Caroline Memorial

Located on the banks of the St. John’s River, Fort Caroline was an attempted French colonial settlement in Florida. Established under the leadership of René Goulaine de Laudonnière, the Fort was a safe haven for Huguenots (an ethno-religious group of French Protestants).

While the Fort’s exact location is unknown, the National Park established the Fort Caroline Memorial in 1953 along the banks of the St. John’s River. While it remains a part of the National Park, the memorial is now managed as part of the Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve.

6. Federal Hall National Memorial

It was the first of the two historic buildings on Wall Street in Manhattan’s Financial District. Originally a Greek revival structure, the initial building was completed in 1703 and served as New York’s first City Hall.

After the Revolution, it served as a meeting place for the Congress of the Confederation. This was the nation’s first central government under the Articles of Confederation. It was renamed Federal Hall in 1789 after the establishment of the United States Federal Government. It was later demolished in 1812.

The current building was built as the U.S. Custom House for the Port of New York in 1842. It is currently operated by the National Park Service and commemorates the historic events that previously took place at the location of the first structure. The site is open to the public on weekdays from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

7. Hamilton Grange National Memorial

Also known simply as ‘The Grange’ or ‘Hamilton Grange Mansion’ it is a National Park Service site in St. Nicholas Park, Manhattan. The site preserves the relocated home of U.S. Founding Father Alexander Hamilton.

By 1889, after many people from Greenwich Village moved upstate, the range was marked for foreclosure. It was acquired by the Church and later designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960. The National Park Foundation purchased the mansion and transferred it to the National Park Service. In 2006, it was moved to St. Nicholas Park and re-opened to the general public in September, 2011.

8. Korean War Veterans Memorial

Located in Washington’s West Potomac Park, the Memorial pays homage to those who served in the Korean War. Its construction, managed by the Korean War Veterans Advisory Board. The main memorial is in the form of a triangle intersecting a circle, with walls that are 164 feet high. It was created by famed industrial designer, Louis Nelson. The circle contains the Pool of Remembrance, which is a shallow pool surrounded by benches and linden trees. Inscriptions detail the numbers killed, wounded, missing in action and held as prisoners of war.

9. Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac

Honoring the 34th President of the U.S.A, the Memorial overlooks the Potomac River with a vista of the city of Washington. It was renamed Lady Bird Johnson Park in 1968. Visitors to the grove may listen to a recording of President Johnson at the Park’s entrance, facing the Pentagon. In the recording the former First Lady talks about the Park’s creation and the views of some other major Washington Landmarks.

10. Pearl Harbor

The USS Arizona Memorial, situated at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii, marks the resting place on more than 1000 soldiers and marines killed during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941. Built in 1962, the memorial is visited by more than two million people each year. The battleship’s sunken remains were declared a National Historic Landmark in 1989.