Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States of America. He served as President for two terms from 1901 to 1909.
He wasn’t elected during his first term and instead became President when the then-President William McKinley was assassinated.
He was known for taking strict measures against the monopolies and trusts which earned him the nickname the trust-buster.
Theodore Roosevelt was born in New York, New York on October 27, 1858.
Theodore Roosevelt was born to a rich family and gained formal education at an early age. He had poor health when he was a child, so he participated in many outdoor activities to improve his health. This worked and Roosevelt was known as a robust person throughout the rest of his life.
After his early education, he gained admission at the Harvard University and graduated. He later developed an interest in law and studied law at Columbia.
Roosevelt’s first success in politics came when he was elected to the New York state legislature. However, he soon left politics after he lost his wife and mother. He then went to the Wild West for a time and spent some years there as a cowboy.
In 1886, he returned to New York and occupied many important positions over the next few years. He was first made the U.S. Civil Service Commissioner and was later appointed to the post of New York City Police Commissioner. In 1898, the Spanish-American War broke out over the issue of Cuban independence.
The Spanish-American War was fought for a few months during 1898. Some of the most important battles of the war were fought in Cuba. Theodore Roosevelt led a group of volunteers called the ‘Rough Riders’ during this war. He and his riders played a very important role during the famous Battle of San Juan Hill in Cuba.
By the time the war ended, Roosevelt was famous as a war hero in America. When he returned to New York, he was elected as the Governor. During the Presidency of William McKinley, he was elected as the Vice President.
Roosevelt was elected as the Vice President along with President William McKinley during the Presidential campaign of 1900. When the term started in 1901, McKinley was soon assassinated. This made Roosevelt the President.
Roosevelt proved a strong President and took a brave stance against corruption. He also went after the business monopolies and trusts which earned him the nickname ‘the trust-buster’. Roosevelt also implemented many reforms in a bid to improve the lives of average Americans.
Another notable event of Roosevelt’s Presidency was when he negotiated a peace between Russia and Japan. This earned him a Nobel Prize in 1905.
Theodore Roosevelt ended his second term as President in 1909. He ran for Presidency again in 1912 but didn’t win the elections. He died in Oyster Bay, New York on January 6, 1919.