Calvin Coolidge was the 30th President of the United States of America. He served as the President from 1923 to 1929. His first term at the office began when President Warren G. Harding died and as the Vice President, Coolidge succeeded him to the office. He was famous for being a man of few words who was always very cool and well-composed. He proved a very effective and popular president.
Calvin Coolidge was born on July 4, 1872 in Plymouth, Vermont.
Calvin was born in the small town of Plymouth where he received early education and significant moral learning from his father who was a storekeeper.
He later pursued further education at the Amherst College. After graduation, Calvin decided to study law and so he moved to Massachusetts. After studying law, he passed the bar exam in 1897 and started his own law practice.
Calvin’s political career began from humble beginnings. He was first elected to small offices such as the solicitor. He was later made the state legislator of the city of Northampton and finally elected to the position of the mayor.
In 1918, his major political achievement came when he was elected as the Governor of Massachusetts.
A major event during his governorship was the 1919 Boston Police Strike. The Boston Police went on strike and refused to work until their demands were met.
Calvin Coolidge dealt with the strike strongly. He fired the policemen who went on strike, recruited new policemen and didn’t give in to the demands of the strikers. This made him a famous man all over USA.
In 1920, the Republican Party chose Warren G. Harding as their Presidential candidate. Calvin Coolidge was nominated as Harding’s Vice President. They won the election and Coolidge became the Vice President.
Two years into the Presidential term, Warren G. Harding died after his government was rocked by many scandals of corruption. Calvin Coolidge succeeded him as the next President.
He was known as a man of integrity who believed in honesty. This reputation was very helpful in restoring the confidence of the people in the Presidency, which had been shaken during the time of Harding.
During his first term, Coolidge focused on the economy and provided significant support to the businesses. This resulted in many years of great economic growth in USA which were later called the Roaring Twenties.
He ran for a second term and easily won the election. During his second term in the office, Coolidge tried to keep USA away from international affairs and focused on the internal affairs of the country. His second term came to an end in 1929. Although he was still very popular at this time, he decided not to run for a third term.
After completing his second term at office, Calvin Coolidge retired to his home in Massachusetts. He lived there for the next four years and died on January 5, 1933 in Northampton.